Fotografia di Roberto Barberini/Blow Up

Giovanni Sartori

Comparative Constitutional Engineering


A path-breaking, highly innovative comparative study in state building by a major political scientist, Comparative Constitutional Engineering examines in detail the variant forms of democratic government in their merits, failures and attendant problems. Sartori begins with a discussion of electoral systems, arguing against the conventional wisdom that their 'influence' cannot be predicted, cleaning up their classification, and bringing back into prominence the double-ballot formulas. In the process he disputes the view that proportional representation is always best and leads to 'consensus democracy'. He then turns his analytic eye to a comparative assessment of presidential versus semi-presidential systems. He continues with a discussion of the varieties of formulas that are categorized, somewhat misleadingly, as parliamentary systems, probing the conditions that affect their respective performances. He concludes with a proposal, outlined in detail, for a new type of government: alternating presidentialism. Underlying this proposal is Sartori's awareness of the need to combine strong parliamentary control with efficient government. To combat the paralysis to which Western politics are prone, he suggests a legislative process that allows neither parliamentary obstructionism nor government by decree. Such a proposal will be of interest to a number of Latin American countries (all the way from Mexico to Brazil) and is of particular relevance for dysfunctional parliamentary systems (such as those of Italy and Israel) as well as the post-communist countries.

Giovanni Sartori
New York University Press
New York


Méxican ed., Mexico: Fondo de Cultura, 1995, 1996, 1999, expanded 2nd ed. 2001, 2002, 2003; Chilean ed., 1995; Italian ed., Bologna: Il Mulino, 1995, 1996, 1998, 4th ed. 2000, 5th ed. 2004; Brazilian ed., Editora Universidade de Brasilia, 1997; Turkish ed., Ankara: Turkish Democracy Foundation, 1997; Taiwanese ed., 1998; Czech ed., Prague, 2001; Japanese ed., Waseda University Press, 2000; Lithuanian ed., 2001; Romanian ed., Editura Mediterana, 2002; Hungarian ed., Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadò, 2003


2nd ed. 1997